Software Engineering

Software Engineering is a branch of engineering that deals with the development of software by using certain principles and methodologies. The result of software engineering is an efficient and reliable software product. Software is a collection of executable program codes with some associated libraries. Software Evolution is a process of development of software products through engineering principles and methods. The development of software passes through various stages starting from intial requirements to its maintenance after development. Software Engineering is another good topic for M.Tech thesis as software development is getting better and better day by day. Students can take thesis help in software engineering from software developer experts.

Phases of software development(SDLC Lifecycle)

As earlier said, the development of software passes through various stages known as Software Development Lifecycle(SDLC). Following are the phases of software development:

  • Requirement Gathering

  • Feasibility Study

  • System Analysis

  • Software Design

  • Coding

  • Software Testing

  • Integration

  • Implementation

  • Software Maintenance

Firstly the requirements are collected based on the aims and objectives of the software product. After the requirements are gathered, the feasibility study is done to check whether the software will be able to satisfy the aims and objectives required from the software. After the feasibility study is successful, the designing of the software is done. An appropriate design of the software is created. After designing, the software goes through the coding phase in which the programmers write a code for the software. After the code is written, the testing of the code is done. Integration of the code with the design is done after that. Now comes the final implementation of the software. After successful implementation, the software again goes through two types of testing – alpha testing and beta testing. Alpha testing is done by the programmers and developers while beta testing is done by the end users.

The software is launched in the market after successful testing both by the programmers as well as by the end users. A special team is appointed to look after the maintenance of the software for new updates and features.

Software Development Models

There are certain development models for software to design strategies for sequence wise development of the model. Some of the models are:

  • Waterfall Model

  • Iterative Model

  • Spiral Model

  • V-Model

  • Big Bang Model

CASE tools in software engineering

CASE stands for computer-aided software engineering and is the process of use of automation tools for development of software products. CASE tools consist of certain application programs to automate SDLC lifecycle. Following are the components of CASE tools:

  • Central Repository

  • Upper Case Tools

  • Lower Case Tools

  • Integrated Tools

This was the basic introduction to software engineering. It is a very good and easy topic for your M.Tech thesis. Go for it if you are looking for a easy topic in thesis.

Thesis and Project Topics in Software Engineering

The list of topics for final year project and thesis include:

  • Data Modeling

  • UML

  • SDLC Lifecycle

  • Ontology

  • Software Models

  • Verification and Validation

  • Software Quality

  • Software Maintenance

  • Data Modeling – Data Modeling is a process of creating a data model for the system using various techniques in software engineering. Data Modeling analyses and defines the data requirement as required by different businesses. There are three types of data models – conceptual data model, logical data model, and physical data model. Conceptual data model records the initial data requirements through independent specifications about data. After this, the conceptual model is converted to logical model to document the structure of data to implement in database. In the last step, the logical model is transformed into physical model to organize data into tables. It is a very good topic for thesis in software engineering.

  • UML – UML or Unified Modeling Language is a special purpose language. It is used for visualization of the components of a software system. It is not like standard programming languages like C, C++, and Java. It is basically the pictorial representation of the software system. UML implements Object-Oriented Concepts for analysis and design. There are three building blocks of UML – Things, Relationships, and Diagrams. UML is a also a very good choice for project, thesis for masters students.

  • SDLC lifecycle – SDLC stands for Software Development Lifecycle. It is defined as a sequence of steps followed for developing a software system. The main steps include – planning, analyzing, designing, implementation, and maintenance. Testing is also performed on the software product generated like apha, beta testing. There are various SDLC models the more common being the Waterfall Model. The main benefit of following the SDLC Lifecycle is the good quality end product.

  • Ontology – Ontology is another challenging field for thesis in software engineering. It is an interrelationship between the entities that exists in a particular domain. Ontology establishes the relationship between these entities. Ontology is applied in the fields of semantic web, software engineering, biomedical, and informatics. The components of ontology include classes, attributes, relations, axioms, and events.

  • Software Models – There are different types of models available to implement the SDLC lifecycle. Waterfall model is the most common model. This model is like a cascading waterfall. Another model is the Agile Model. This model employs certain set of values and principles towards software development. In prototype model, a prototype of the actual product is made for verification. After this model is verified and validated, then only the development of actual model is started. Other common software models are Spiral Model, V-Shaped Model, and interative model. While research work, you can explore more on different types of models.

  • Verification and Validation – Software Verification and Validation are the important processes in software development to find out whether the software product meets the desired requirements. This normally done by software testers. In validation, it is checked whether the right product is being built. In verification, it is checked whether the product being built is right.

  • Software quality – In this process, the quality of the product is checked. The quality may be both structural quality and functional quality. Structural quality checks the non-functional requirements while functional quality checks the functional requirements of the software system. Software quality assurance is done to approve the quality of the software product. Software quality itself is a very broad field and a good thesis area for thesis and dissertation.

  • Software Maintenance – After the software product is successfully launched in the market, a special team is appointed for its maintenance. The software maintenance includes removing unidentified defects and also to imply important software updates in the product. The maintenance activities include – adaptive, corrective, perfective and preventive. There certain factors considered while maintenance is done on the product.

Along with these topics, the other topics for master thesis in software engineering are Software Testing, Software Design, Software Deployment, and Software Architecture. These are good topics for final year project, thesis, and research.